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Titel
Die sommerlichen Lufttemperaturen im Raum Bozen und ihr räumlicher Zusammenhang mit Siedlungs- und Landschaftsstrukturen / von Angelika Egger
VerfasserEgger, Angelika
Begutachter / BegutachterinLeitinger, Georg ; Hammerle, Albin ; Heinl, Michael
Betreuer / BetreuerinTappeiner, Ulrike
Erschienen2014
Umfang178 Bl. : Ill., graph. Darst.
HochschulschriftInnsbruck, Univ., Master-Arb., 2014
Anmerkung
Kurzfassung in dt. und engl. Sprache
Datum der AbgabeNovember 2014
SpracheDeutsch
DokumenttypMasterarbeit
Schlagwörter (DE)urban / rural / Entfernung / Nutzung / Bolzano / Bozen / Strahlung / UHI / Lufttemperatur / Hitzeinsel / Stadt / Umland
Schlagwörter (EN)urban / rural / distance / land use / Bolzano / Bozen / radiation / UHI / urban heat island / temperature / air / City / town
Schlagwörter (GND)Bozen / Bodennahe Luftschicht / Lufttemperatur / Stadt / Umland / Stadtgrenze
URNurn:nbn:at:at-ubi:1-1452 Persistent Identifier (URN)
Zugriffsbeschränkung
 Das Werk ist frei verfügbar
Dateien
Die sommerlichen Lufttemperaturen im Raum Bozen und ihr räumlicher Zusammenhang mit Siedlungs- und Landschaftsstrukturen [6.09 mb]
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Klassifikation
Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

The spatial and temporal patterns of ground-level air temperatures in Bolzano were recorded from 01/05/2012 to 31/10/2012 with twelve rural and four urban weather stations. A number of additionally collected climatic variables and specific site factors should allow the interpretation of the temperature patterns and provide an explanation for significant temperature differences between the sites.

Among the additional factors mainly land use (fruit, wine, grass) as well as the distance to the city limits show a correlation with the rural temperatures at a height of 200 cm. Without the elevation correction altitude shows a strong correlation too. Even when comparing the temperature differences of rural and urban locations, a link to land use and distance to the city limits (as well as the altitude) could be established. According to the results of a multiple regression, however, the main factor is the soil temperature, followed by global radiation.

Soil temperature, global radiation, land use and the distance to the city limits therefore determine the energy balances of the individual sites and thus the near surface air temperatures. The influence of the individual factors is, however, not constant during the day. This is the reason why Bolzano represents an urban heat island at night with only little temperature differences during the day compared to its surrounding area.