From an ethnological point of view, the dissertation examines the conflicts about the planned resumption of a mine near Kitzbühel (Tyrol). At the end oft he 1960s, the Austrian „Kupferbergbau Mitterberg GesmbH“ and the South African „Union Corporation“ started prospecting for copper ores in the Röhrerbühel mining area. During earlier mining periods (18511867, 19081916, 19501955) and later efforts to put the mine back into operation (18511867, 19081916, 19501955), the resources were only partially exploited. Now they should be made available with fresh capital and modern technologies. But already in 1970, the plan was abandoned. Particularly among tourism professionals there was a virulent opposition. They founded a citizens action group („Verein zum Schutze der Landschaft und der heimischen Wirtschaft“) and warned of a disrupted landscape and a consequently declining tourism as well as of the settlement of South African Miners in the Tyrol. The thesis describes the behavioral styles of the opponents and very few proponents of the mine on the basis of archival studies, interviews and fieldwork materials. The analysis moves on three levels: 1.) objectives and interests; 2.) practices and techniques of protest; 3.) senses and meanings.