The following study examines how the sexual assault of minors in a child welfare institution by one of their peers has affected the care takers. Firstly, secondary traumatization and resilience was examined through questionnaires. Additionally, ten narrative interviews were conducted and analyzed through qualitative content analysis (Mayring). The findings suggest that the discovery of the sexual assault might be a traumatic experience which resulted in posttraumatic growth (PTG). As a result, the following factors are relevant elements of the coping process and are based on Maercker (2013): individual event factors, factors which hold up pressure, health-promoting factors and post-traumatic processes. An important aspect of the present thesis is the development of acceptance towards the fact, that sexual assault in institutions is not preventable by care givers. The participants had troubles focusing on their own personal reactions, therefore, a different type of research method might have provided a more straight forward outcome. The findings of this study cannot be transferred to other populations due to the small reference group. The present study contributes to the general research of transmitted PTG. In the following thesis, practical implications for individuals and institutions on how to cope successfully with traumatic situations like the one examined, are presented.