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Titel
A cross-cultural study on the relation between gender typicality and self-esteem : effects of gender equality and sexism / eingereicht von: Christian von Auseß, B.Sc.
VerfasserAufseß, Christian von
Betreuer / BetreuerinnenZentner, Marcel
ErschienenInnsbruck, 06.06.2018
UmfangVIII, 97 Blätter : Diagramme
HochschulschriftUniversität Innsbruck, Masterarbeit, 2018
Datum der AbgabeJuni 2018
SpracheEnglisch
DokumenttypMasterarbeit
Schlagwörter (DE)Geschlechtstypikalität / Selbstwert / Gleichstellung / Sexismus / Interkulturell
Schlagwörter (EN)Gender typicality / Self-esteem / Gender equality / Sexism / Cross-cultural
Schlagwörter (GND)Geschlechterstereotyp / Sexismus / Gleichberechtigung / Selbstwertgefühl / Geschlechtsunterschied / Kulturvergleich
URNurn:nbn:at:at-ubi:1-21363 Persistent Identifier (URN)
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A cross-cultural study on the relation between gender typicality and self-esteem [1.28 mb]
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Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

The positive relationship between self-perceived gender typicality and self-esteem has previously been found in several studies with adolescents and adults. But what about cross-cultural differences? It was hypothesized that the relationship would partially depend on the extent of gender equality and prevailing sexist attitudes in a country. In the present study, 2377 participants from nine nations with a gradually decreasing Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) provided online ratings of the Adult Gender Typicality Scale (AGT), the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), and the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory (ASI). A significant, positive correlation between gender typicality and self-esteem was present in both men and women across the whole sample. Only in the male sample, the relationship lessened significantly with increasing levels of gender equality (r = -.77). However, in the female sample, agreement with benevolent sexism a seemingly positive form of sexism that subtly underlines womens subordinate status enhanced the relationship between gender typicality and self-esteem significantly.

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