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Analysing the effects of a volcanic eruption on a society : case study on Ternate Island, Indonesia / Dominik Johannes Scheuer
VerfasserScheuer, Dominik Johannes
GutachterStötter, Johann
ErschienenInnsbruck, June 2017
UmfangVIII, 155 Blätter : Illustrationen, Diagramme, Karten
HochschulschriftUniversity Innsbruck, Masterarbeit, 2017
Datum der AbgabeMai 2017
Schlagwörter (DE)Vulkan / Indonesien / Livelihood / Natural Hazard / Ternate / Risk Management
URNurn:nbn:at:at-ubi:1-6801 Persistent Identifier (URN)
 Das Werk ist frei verfügbar
Analysing the effects of a volcanic eruption on a society [10.45 mb]
Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

Ternate Island, located in the Maluku Islands in north-eastern Indonesia, is dominated by the volcano Mt. Gamalama. The entire island consists of the mountain and is characterized by a very high activity. Periodic eruptions take influence on the society of Ternate. In order to ana-lyze the effects of an eruption of Mt. Gamalama on the island and its society, a novel research approach was designed and used to examine an eruption of greater extent in 2011. The inte-grated approach targets on the one hand on the spatial extents of the volcanic hazards and on the other hand on local peoples livelihood capitals. This was performed by a mixed method approach making use of satellite image analysis, site visits and semi-structured interviews. A new research approach was designed because existing methods are often still too reductionist and therefore not sufficient to guarantee an integrated view on the case study. In doing so risk management can be performed in a sustainable and holistic way. The thesis results support the analyzation of risk originating from the islands volcano. Within doing so vulnerabilities get reduced, strengths get build on and possible benefits get exploited. The research data showed that the effects of Mt. Gamalamas eruption affected the livelihood capitals in a predominantly positive way. Furthermore an evaluation of the satellite image, using geographical information systems, displays spatial intersections between appearing volcanic hazards and improved live-lihood capitals in terms of economical exploitation.

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