Wittgenstein did not express his thoughts on compassion extensively. Although his later philosophy provides numerous considerations regarding various emotions, respectively "psychological verbs". These considerations, however, first need to be applied to the concept of compassion. This task will be attempted in this thesis by first suggesting to apply the principle of family resemblance to the concept of compassion on the basis of an analysis of concepts in the works of Aristotle, Augustine and Nietzsche. Secondly, by starting from Wittgensteins expressivism it will be analyzed to which extent, if at all, a knowledge of ones own compassion as an acute state of consciousness can exist. And thirdly, Wittgensteins description of an insecure compassion will be linked to his own considerations regarding seeing aspects. This will be substantiated and supplemented by employing material by Bertolt Brecht and Hannah Arendt. However, a serious application of the later texts by Wittgenstein requires a systematization first. Therefore, the presented thesis will not only try to open up new perspectives on the topic of compassion, but it will also attempt to offer a wide interpretation of Wittgensteins "Philosophy of Psychology".