Due to its ambivalence, the term “authority“is controversial in and outside an educational context. Starting out from the authors personal view on authority and its topicality in current social discourse, this thesis tries to show the relevance of this topic in educational theory with a focus on religious education, as references to “authority” are either missing in books on religious education or have been deleted in reprints. Based on religious instructors subjective ideas of authority, concepts of authority are reconstructed by means of a qualitative-empirical approach. At the heart of the communicative-theological research there is a theological hermeneutics of these concepts of authority. The central questions this thesis is trying to answer are: Which theologically significant topics are inherent in the teachers concepts of authority? In how far are these concepts relevant for religious education?