Located within the context of Nussbaums capabilities approach, this research presents the capabilities approach an alternative model for distributive justice. Drawing on the existing theories of justice: utilitarian welfarism, Rawlsian resourcism, and Nozickian libertarianism, it is argued that the capabilities approach provides better insights into measurement of human development than these theories. The capabilities approach argues that development is more than just economic growth, and development policy is more than just economic policy. Development is fundamentally about improving the well-being and agency of people, by expanding the choices and opportunities they have, cutting across economic, social, political, and environmental issues. Analyzing the unjust and unequal treatment Madiga Scheduled Caste women in India face, this research proposes that creating collective capabilities through conscientization, empowerment, and self-reliance, as the only potential ways to combat caste and gender discrimination and promote distributive justice among them.