Worldwide, damage due to floods has considerably increased in the last decades. In line with the global trend, a drastic raise in flood losses has recently been reported in Europe as well. In the coming decades, the number of people and assets at risk is expected to rise further, on the one hand, and, on the other hand, climate change may influence the intensity and frequency of floods resulting in a potential shift of future flood risk. The intensity and the direction of these changes in flood risk are, however, uncertain and may vary regionally. Therefore, risk analyses are crucial as they can assess the extent of potential flood damage in future. Furthermore, risk analyses can provide valuable input for decision makers, e.g. for the development of appropriate spatial planning strategies. Since flood risk analyses are based on the critical assumption of stationary conditions and assume that the current risk situation will not change, they are, however, no longer appropriate in a fast changing world. Instead, the main drivers that affect the dynamics of flood risks, i.e. both climate and socioeconomic changes, have to be integrated in future-oriented flood risk assessments.In the framework of this thesis, potential changes in future flood risk in an Alpine catchment in the western part of Austria are investigated by i) assessing the spatio-temporal dynamics in the future flood exposure due to settlement development along the river reaches, ii) evaluating the flood damage potential of built-up areas in the previous and upcoming decades, iii) estimating the direct damage on buildings by deriving and adapting flood loss models for the residential sector, and iv) combining and comparing the effects of changes in the flood hazard and in vulnerability on the overall flood risk for the next decades.